Yazd Water Museum is located in one of the old houses of Yazd and visitors will be able to discover the thousands of years of water in this historic city. The Water Museum is located in a historic house called the Kolahdozha and is the focus of many tourists who visit the city. The museum began its work in conjunction with the first international Kariz international conference, which aims to show the value and importance of water in a desert region that shows people how important water is. What sets Yazd’s Water Museum apart from other water museums is the passing of a centuries-old charisma, one that once provided the water people needed.
One of the valuable works of Yazd is the house of the clergymen, who ordered the Seyyed Ali Akbar kolahdoz to give it to one of the merchants of the Qajar era in the year 1266 Solar. The building is currently owned by Yazd City Water Company and is one of the attractions of the city. The building has about 5 floors and is as follows:
- The first level of the Yazd Water Museum: The lowest floor of the house is the Rahimabad and Zarej two-branch divisions, and today the Zaratha aqueduct is still operating for more than 2000 years and 75 kilometers.
- The second floor of the food storage museum: The next section, which is actually a floor on the bottom of the floor, is the so-called stable. There was a storage room for different foods in which the space held different foods in specific ways. In fact, Payab was a 10 meter-deep plain with an octagonal space and a constant temperature that was almost always 14 degrees in all seasons. In the middle of this level is a pond that keeps the passage of clear water through the air.
- Level 3 Museum Summer Residence: Well, we get to the next level, where there were plenty of rooms and corridors, and it was a great option to spend the hot and stressful days of summer. The basement was on the four sides of the courtyard and the bottom of each room was occupied by a resident, and only that person would use it in the warm season.
- The fourth level of residence: After the summer residence, we reach the fourth level of the house, where there are five-door rooms, a hall, a sash room, a kitchen, and a living room.
- Level five or roof known as a well: The end of the house, or the fifth level of the roof, was also called the well. Through this well, using wells, they removed water from wells known as Chehel Gaz and used it for drinking and household hygiene. Two men were in charge of collecting water from the aqueduct called Rahim abad. They would draw water and pour it into a well to be picked up by family members on the ground floor. The thing to note is that in this house you can also see water plumbing done about 150 years ago.
The architecture of the water Museum
Almost more than 200 historical objects from the aqueduct collection to the main aqueducts of Yazd are currently held at the museum. The water problem that is one of the major problems facing Iranians these days has been in this area for a long time. The Water Museum of Yazd also has various accessories used for the excavation of aqueducts and visitors can find out about that period of Iranian history. Other items you can see in this museum are documents and equipment related to the division and dedication of water at that time. There are also water distribution documents in the museum showing the proportion of water distributed among farmers at that time. Among these documents were several marriage certificates, because at that time some people were setting the woman’s dowry, which was the gold standard in the desert. There is also evidence that charities were giving water to orphans. In another part of the museum, you can also see a collection of containers and water storage. Mushrabe is one of the many sights of this museum that is mentioned in ancient history books.