Yazd Old Town Comprehensive Guide!
Yazd is the first raw clay city and the second historical city in the world after Venice, Italy. Due to its warm and dry climate, the city has a unique architecture that adorns its history with mud. The historical texture of Yazd old town with an area of about 800 hectares is the most extensive and principled texture of Iranian history. The diverse nature of this province is so attractive to domestic and foreign tourists that it is one of the most fascinating attractions of this species and quite different. On the one hand, the desert zones and sandy hills, and on the other side, near the beautiful Shirkooh highlands and lush countryside, its valleys and slopes, and the various climate, give the city its miracle. The second-largest city in the world has many tourist, historical and cultural attractions, each of which can alone be a unique attraction for visiting tourists and lovers of Iranian and world heritage and history. In Yazd province, you can find a long list of top treasures of Iranian art, culture, and civilization in the form of religious monuments, monuments, mosques, Zoroastrian shrines, historical houses, water storage, historic gardens, wind farms, and markets. The following may be mentioned:
- Yazd Jame Mosque (with the world’s tallest minarets)
- Amir Chakhmaq complex
- Alexander Prison
- Zoroastrian Fire Temple
- Six Windsor (the world’s only six windsurfing)
- Lariha House Museum
- Dowlatabad Garden (the world’s tallest windsurfing)
- Hammam Khan
- Narin Qaleh (The World’s Oldest Clay Building)
- Cedar Abarkoh (Iran’s Oldest Tree)
- Time Square (Iran’s Oldest Town Clock Square)
- Amirchakhmaq Square (Iran’s Oldest Wooden Palm)
- Mosque Fahraj (Iran’s oldest mosque)
- Zayed-e Din caravanserai (Circle inn only) In the world)
Yazd Old Town History
Some historians believe that Yazd’s antiquity dates back to pre-Islamic times. Others say that perhaps the historical city of Yazd should be searched for somewhere other than its current location. However, many of the historical monuments discovered in Yazd date back to the fifth century AH. At the same time, the discovery of other buildings dating from the second and third centuries AH raises doubts about the dating of Yazd. In any case, the history of human habitation in this area goes back to the third millennium BC, so that in the Peshadican era the tribes moving from Balkh to Pars called this land Yazdan and then Yazd became a place of worship. The second historical city in the world, according to historical books and its urbanization status, has a history of several thousand years and has been with ancient Zoroastrians, the Holy City, and the Persian shrine elsewhere. Greek historians called the ancient city of Yazd Isatis. The name of Yazd comes from the name of one of the emperors of the Sassanid dynasty named Yazdgerd I. After the Sassanid period, Islam became the dominant religion of Yazd.
Some historians have described Yazd as the safest city in Iran because it has been immune to various attacks and wars throughout history. Marcopoulo, an Italian tourist, also says of Yazd that the Silk Road merchants love the city in terms of financial security. The most distinctive aspect of Yazd is its unique desert architecture and the presence of windmills and waterfalls in the city’s public landscape. Windbreakers are one of the traditional elements of Iranian architecture, and indeed towers that direct the flow of air into various buildings, depending on how their particular building is constructed. The windscreen has been decorated with plaster and brick, and in ancient times it’s height and type of decoration reflected its social status and recognition of its owner. Most of the inner-city reservoirs have wind blowers ranging from one to six wind blowers and are used as a means of ventilating and keeping the water cool. Yazd has the highest number of windmills in other central cities of Iran, which has the world’s tallest windmill, the Dolatabad Garden Windmill, which is about 34 meters high. Also, the old houses of Yazd are one of the valuable buildings reminiscent of the traditional life of the people of this area that are of great architectural and antiquity importance. It is only in Yazd that the Ilkhanid era houses are still habitable and the most important features of these houses are the central courtyard, the hall, the rooms of the three gates, the five gates, the Krias, and various other spaces whose high walls of these houses and How they are arranged and arranged around the courtyard and the beautiful facade of Dorota is one of the most important features of these houses. The oldest register house in Yazd, the ‘Tavana’, belongs to the Ilkhanid era. Other old houses include the Mahmoudi House, the Lariyeh House, the Arabzadeh House, the Appalachian House, the Aghazadeh Abarkuh House, and the Mortaz House. So we suggest you visit this beautiful and fascinating city and enjoy its historical and ancient attractions.