Persepolis Comprehensive Guide!
Monuments of Takht-e-Jamshid are located near Marvdasht, about 60 km northeast of Shiraz. The Greeks called it Persepolis, and in ancient Iran, it was also called parseh and forty minarets. Parseh or Takht-e- Jamshid is one of the ancient cities of Iran that has been the Achaemenid capital for many years. Alexander the Great, a Greek commander, invaded Iran and set the place on fire. But the ruins of this place are still there. The site is currently one of Iran’s world-registered UNESCO works. Persepolis is a collection of magnificent palaces that began in the year512 BC and lasted for 150 years. Persepolis is located in a vast area bounded by Mount Rahmat on one side and Marvdasht on the other. These huge royal palaces were built next to the city of Perseus, which the Greeks called Persepolis.
Persepolis began in Darius about 512 BC. First, they prepared the lofty hometown and built on it the Apadana Hall and the main stairs, and the Thatcher Palace. After Darius, his son Xerxes built another hall called Heddish Hall and laid out a hundred pillars. Ardeshir completed the Hundred Columns Hall. Ardeshir began another building that was unfinished. These buildings were built on foundations, some of which were large, integrated rock or carved in the mountains. Achaemenid architecture is an art of fusion and adapted from the style of Babylonian, Assyrian, Egyptian and Greek cities of Asia Minor and Urarto ethnicity and has created an independent type of architecture with exquisite art and Iranian spirit. By building this huge building, the Achaemenids wanted to show the greatness of their great empire to the world. At the end of the solar year 1312, some 40,000 mud tablets were found in the northwest corner of Persepolis, in the form of clinging to the prayer stamps. On these tablets were written words in Persian script. After reading it, it became clear that these Elamite tablets were the documents used to build Persepolis palaces. Some of the tablets are in Persian script. From the discovery of these tablets, the assertion that Persepolis’ palaces such as the Egyptian pyramids were crowned with cruelty and forced poor people was invalidated. The full width of Persepolis palaces is 125 square meters, built on a platform that is 8 to 18 meters above the level of the plain of Manod, consisting of the following important parts: Persepolis and formal palaces of Persepolis Private lounge and small palaces The king’s treasury Fortress and guard Platform entrance stairs and Xerxes gate
Also, Persepolis palaces include:
Apadana Palace has two staircase sets to the north and east. The eastern staircase of the palace, consisting of two staircases – one facing north and one facing south – has carved carvings on its sidewall. The north-facing stairs have the roles of high-ranking military and Persian military commanders with carved lotus flowers. In front of the military commanders, immortal guard members are seen paying homage. In the upper row of the wall, people can be seen giving gifts as they approach the palace. On the south wall of the staircase, there are pictures of representatives of different countries with gifts in hand. Each part of this carving is dedicated to one nation. Apadana Palace is one of Persepolis’s oldest palaces. Founded by Darius the Great, the palace was used to celebrate Nowruz celebrations and to receive representatives of the monarchies. The staircase in the southwestern part of the palace is referred to as the Tecra Palace or the Mirror Palace. The Apadana Palace is composed of 72 columns, of which there are currently 14 columns, the bottom of which is the columns of the veranda, but the bottom of the columns is square.
The Tachara Palace means the winter house. It was also built by Darius the Great and was his own. It reads on an inscription: “I made Darius this conceit.” The palace is a museum of the line. From ancient Persia, there is an inscription in the palace so that the lateral lines above the pillars use Egyptian frontal views. The main part of the palace was built by Darius the Great and Ivan and the southern staircase by King Khashayar and the western staircase by Ardashir II.
The Haddish Palace, which was a private Khashayar shah palace, is located on the highest part of Persepolis. The palace is connected to the Queen’s Palace through two sets of stairs. The fire is likely to have started from this place because of the hatred the Athenians had for Xerxes because of the burning of Athens by him. The yellow color of the rocks indicates that the water inside the rocks has run out of heat.
The Queen’s Palace was built by Khashayar shah and is lower in height than any other building. Part of the palace was excavated and rebuilt by renowned Orientalist Professor Ernst Emil Hertzfeldt in the year 1931 and is today used as the museum and headquarters of Persepolis.
Hundred Columns Palace
The palace is about 46000 square meters in height and was supported by a hundred columns each measuring 14 meters high.
This place is called Shura Palace or Central Hall. The Shah is likely to have consulted with the elders here. Due to the carved motifs, the king entered one of the gates and exited the other two gates.
The complex of Persepolis palaces was set on fire by Alexander the Great in the year 330 BC, and all of its buildings were destroyed. Remnant and semi-ruined monuments are the main entrance to Persepolis, known as the Apadana Palace, and consist of a central hall with 36 pillars and 12 porches; Connected to the front yards and connected. The height of the pillar at the apadana palace is 16 meters and its columns are 18 meters. The collection is listed in Iran’s list of monuments and in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The entrance fee for visiting Persepolis
For domestic tourists 3000 tomans
For foreign tourists 20000 tomans