Iran has different styles of traditional and folk music. In addition, with rich poetry in Iran, folk music has a great connection with personal poetry too. Generally, Iranian music is dividing into two groups, traditional music and folklore music. As a result, we are going to write about these two types of music in Iran and the history of Iranian music.
Different types of music in Iran
Traditional music in Iran
In Iranian traditional music, use the poet of, Rumi, Hafez, Saadi Shirazi, Omar Khayyam,… etc. In this type of music, the singer uses a lot of vocals. This is how vocalists play a major role in expressing the relevant mood. This type of music in Iran has a history of approximately a thousand years. However, the traditional music of Iran which we know today came from the Qajar Dynasty. As a matter of fact, Up to that period, the existence of traditional music was mostly in the royal court. The first known recording of the traditional music of Iran occurred at the end of their kingdom in Iran. Persian traditional songs usually are performing while the musicians seated on rugs and cushions with fine decorations.
Folklore Music in Iran
Folklore music in Iran refers to the music that transmitted through generations among the citizens of the country. This type of music consists on tunes that exist in numerous variants which are in accordance with the cultural diversity of the country’s ethnic and regional groups.
Iran is home to several ethnic groups, including Kurdish, Azerbaijanis, Bakhtiari, and Baluchi people. each of these groups has a different folklore music style. For example; kinds of music belonging to Gilan, Mazandaran, Isfahan, Kurdistan, Sistan and Baluchistan, Khuzestan & Azerbaijan.
The function of each folk melody determines its mood. The varying aesthetic reguirements of wedding songs, lullabies , love songs , harvest songs, dance pieces, etc, are met with transparent and appropriate simplicity.
The History of Music in Iran
Iranian traditional music has undergone a number of changes over the centuries due to wars and revolutions, but after many years of stagnation, it still retains it’s originality.
In Qajar Dynasty, Nasser al-Din shah was a great patron 0f music in 1862 ,a process of westernization began when, Nasser al-Din shah ordered the establishment of military band, such as he had been in Europe playing overtures, marches, polka, and wltzes. A French musician, Alfred Lemair, was hired to run a traditional ensemble of indigenous shawms, horns , trumpets , and percussion in to a western concert band. He was so successful that by the end of the 11th century . The music school in Tehran taught wester instruments and music theory.
The Bottom Line:
Traditional Iranian music is one of the most original and ancient music in the whole world and because of enclosing sound that it has many people from all over the world loves it and just by listening to this music, you can travel into the time and enjoy it.