Ninety-five percent of the world’s “red gold” saffron is producing and exporting from Iran. Unbelievably saffron is traditionally growing in Khorasan province, a region northeast of Iran with ideal subtropical climates with mild winters and hot, dry summers. Iranian Saffron is a valuable spice in the Zagros Mountains. The saffron scientifically named Crocus Sativus from the Iridaceae family.
The best time to plant Iranian Saffron is May and June, and as the weather warms up and the planting time delayed, the saffron onions will be damaged. Irrigation is essential for saffron early in the crop and then only at harvest time and a few days before the crop needs to be irrigated. Saffron needs less watering and care than other plants. As a matter of fact, Saffron onions do not need to re-plant when planted until 7 years later.
Saffron harvest time is in October and mid-November. This is why the harvest may continue until late November. Surely the time of planting and harvesting of saffron and how to clean the saffron has a great impact on the price and quality of the product. Dried and cleared Saffron after quick harvesting is more suitable for export.
Iranian Saffron is one of the spices since ancient times for its color, taste, and medicinal properties. This exotic native spice also cultivated in southern Europe and is using today in many countries of the world, especially in Spain, Italy, France, Greece, Turkey, Iran, and in India and Kashmir.
75000 Saffron blossom is essential to produce one kilogram of saffron spice. Besides, Saffron is usually harvesting by hand. Given the difficulty of harvesting saffron, saffron is one of the most expensive plants in the world.
Nutritional of Iranian Saffron
Iranian Saffron is suitable for asthma, cough, sore throat. It is also suitable for insomnia, cancer, arterial hardening, vomiting, gastrointestinal, depression, anxiety, memory control, Alzheimer’s disease, labor pain, heartburn, a skin disease namely psoriasis, and dry skin. Wearing a saffron mask will give your skin a soft and refreshing look.
Women use saffron for menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome. Men use saffron to prevent premature ejaculation and infertility. Saffron is also suitable to stimulate sweating, improve libido, and improve blood sugar in patients taking schizophrenia.
Applications of Iranian Saffron
Some people use Iranian Saffron directly on their skin to relieve hair loss. In Germany, saffron is using as a sedative, for the treatment of stomach, abdominal, and asthma pain. So Saffron is useful in the pharmaceutical industry. Dried red stigmas are saffron flowers which are mainly using as flavoring, coloring, and seasoning in cooking. In Iran, most foods use saffron.
In the textile industry saffron is used as a dye for textiles. Nowadays, natural colors have a lot of fans all over the world due to consumer safety and lack of negative effects on body health.
Iranian Saffron is also used in the health industry as well as in the production of aromatic and fragrant substances due to its unique ingredients. The saffron perfume industry is used as an essential oil as a cosmetic.