Introduction of Iranian Caviar
When it comes to Iran’s best export products, a few things stand out in our mind more than anything else: oil, carpet, pistachio, saffron, and caviar. Sturgeon or sturgeon have survived from the Jurassic period, and 93% of them live in the Caspian Sea. But the history of Iranian caviar has a long history and, according to researchers, reaches the Median era. But this world-renowned high-value asset has attracted a great deal of greed throughout history.
Nutrition of Iranian caviar
The Caspian Sea is home to a variety of fish and aquatic organisms, but most people identify it with caviar. The protein in caviar is mainly composing of the amino acids, histamine, isoleucine, lysine, and melatonin. The fat in caviar also divides into two main categories: 25% cholesterol and 75% lecithin. It is a certain and amazing source of omega-3 fatty acid that prevents depression and cardiovascular disease.
Its components include minerals, protein, fat, and vitamins so that protein and fat absorbing in the body. In fact, it can be said to be so nutritious that it is even preferable to fish. Iranian caviar is high in vitamins A, D, and E and minerals such as iodine and phosphorus that can reduce the chance of recovering from severe surgery or infectious diseases.
Eating caviar is very effective in preventing rheumatoid arthritis, gastrointestinal diseases, and some cancers. The caviar is also rich in iron, so it is useful for people with iron deficiency anemia.
History of the caviar industry in Iran
There is not much evidence of Iranian caviar in the past. Herodotus refers to the Caspian caviar in his writings. The Chinese entered the industry in the tenth century and bred fish in the Yangtze River. Some evidence suggests that the sturgeon was extinct from the Caspian Sea to the Median stream. For the Russians, too, the caviar is including the high value in that is stamping on the copper coins.
Under the Qajar rule and the Turkmenchay treaty, the Russians seized the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and seized the Iranian caviar industry until it remained unchanged until year 1306 until the tsarist treaty of friendship between the two countries was closed. , A contract for the creation of a mixed fishing company. The company was awarded the contract for up to 25 years on the coasts of the Caspian Sea and major inland rivers. The contract was valid until the year 1331; this year the national Iranian fishery was declared. Years of Russian and then Soviet intervention in the Caspian Sealed to the overfishing on the southern shores of the sea, seen as a trophy, to reduce the generation of many fish.
Iran’s strong dependence on Iran in recent years has led to Russia’s continued cooperation with Europe to sell Iranian caviar to Europe after independence.
Main areas of caviar fishing
As you probably all know, the main fishing spot for caviar is in the southern Caspian Sea and especially in the White River. Researchers say 500 tons of caviar harvested from the White River in the past.
Other important areas for Iran’s caviar are Stara, Kiashahr, and Qarah Soo, where sturgeon camps were establishing along their rivers.
The main cause of fish migration to the southern Caspian Sea was the favorable condition for migration and spawning. Alongside that, one of the main causes of these fishermen’s non-life in the northern Caspian Sea was the severe winter cold, the shallow depths of the northern Caspian Sea, the construction of huge dams on rivers and pollution from factories and ships. For this reason sturgeon mainly live on the southern coast and their main catchments are the mouths of the northern rivers.