Iran Nomads Tours
Twice a year, once at the first of cold season and once at the first of warm season, whenever the time arrives they roll their carpets and tents, collect their herd, ride their horses and mules and start their journey through the valleys and mountains in search of a place with pastures and water for the next few months. As the weather starts to get cold the shift to warmer lands (Gheshlagh), while as it gets warm they move to places with cooler climate (Yeylagh). These people are called nomads (called Ashayer in Farsi) that you can still meet in some countries like Iran, in this super modern world. The nomad’s lifestyle is a hundred percent connected to the nature around. They adjust their life to the nature and climate circumstance, live in the heart of the wild nature and feed their herd on the natural pastures. Their simple houses are made of the goat’s hair and their food is supplied from the healthy meat, dairy and fresh vegetables found in every corner of the untouched nature surrounding them. Totally, there are now about 1.5 million nomads living in Iran now. Nomads of Iran coming from different origins are divided into diverse groups and below you can read about 3 most important tribes of Iran.
tribes of Iran
Qashqai is one of the biggest tribes and and is divided into different groups like “Kashkooli”, “Sheshbolooki”, “Farsi-Madan”, “Amaleh” and etc. Although Qashqaies are spread in Esfahan, Bushehr and Khuzestan Province, the best area to meet these nomads is Fars Province as they spend most of the year in this vast land with its variety of climate. Most of Qashqai people are originally Turks who speak in this nice language and are known as very happy people who drink lots of tea and hold the most amazing feasts and wedding ceremonies. On their weddings they play a very happy and energetic music by their traditional instruments called “Saz o Naghareh”, the women and girls wear their traditional cloths in happiest colors, make a circle and start a very beautiful and harmonic group dance stepping forward and backward and moving a colorful kerchief in the air. The other dance is “Tarkeh Bazi” or “Choob Bazi” is performed by the men and young boys, which is like a symbolic show of ancient tribal battles and hunting. Qashqai nomads of Iran are known as the creators of handicraft masterpieces. Coming from the heart of women of each family and weaved by their skillful hands, nomadic Qashqai carpets are exhibitors of abstractive idea and art. The motifs come from the nature and the material used in weaving are the wool of the sheep dyed by the wild plants around. These carpets and kilims are so eye-catching and high qualified that Qashqai carpet weaving is registered as an intangible UNESCO world heritage.
Bakhtiaries are known as an important tribe living in western and southern Iran. Bakhtiari nomads who speak in Bakhtiari dialect, which is a branch of Luri Language, are divided into two major groups called “Chahar-Lang” and “Haft-Lang”. They live in black tents made of goat hair and have the most amazing tribal migration(Kooch), which happens twice a year between the warm land of Khuzestan and the heights of Chahar Mahal Province. Kooch e Bakhtiari is one of the most attractive aspect of nomadic life in Iran. The folkloric music plays an important role in Bakhtiari culture in both their weddings and funerals. The sad singing of the old women of Bakhtiari named “Gah Geryoo” is a voice that must be heard. The stone made lion is a symbol of Bakhtiari culture which are constructed as a statue in abstractive style and put on the grave of their heroes who passed away. History of Iran is proud of many Bakhtiari men and women who have great achievements in literature, politics and science.
With Turkish origins, Shahsevan tribes are living in northwest of Iran especially in Mugan Plain, Ardebil and Orumieh. A part of Shasevan nomads are now living in Turkey, Azerbaijan country, Iraq and Afqanistan. What makes Shahsevan nomads distinctive, is their unique migration and lifestyle and also the unique shape of the tents they live in. They live in half sphere tents made of straws and covered with felt rugs or goat hair fabrics to protect them from the cold weather. With plenty of water and forage resources, the Shahsevans have access to the healthies meat, dairy and very qualified wool for weaving carpets and making felt rugs.
Iran Nomads Tours
Iran Nomad Tours
By joining Iran nomad tours, you can live like a nomad and enjoy this colorful culture for a couple of days. You will learn how to cook bread, how to weave carpet and how to live in tent houses with the most basic facilities. The best time for joining a nomad tour is during April and May, when the weather is fabulous for living a nomad life for a couple days.