Introduction of different languages in Iran
Due to the ethnic composition and diversity of ethnic groups in Iran, more than 75 languages and dialects are common in the country. Language and dialect is one of the most important means of transmitting messages for human interaction and has important functions such as understanding, communicating, expressing opinions, transferring information, and culturizing in the sense that it is created by the language of culture. It comes and will be passed on to future generations.
The dialects are branches of a single language, such as Persian, Kurdish, Balochi, Mazandarani, Gilaki, Luri, and other dialects that belong to the Hindu European language family, and about 50% of Iranians speak this language. Of course, there are other languages and dialects in Iran such as Turkish, Armenian, and Arabic.
Of course, some languages in Iran have different dialects that are specific to the geographical areas of the country. For example, Farsi has dialects like Gilaki, Mazandarani, Kurdish, Lori, Baluchi, etc. Or Turkish language has branches like Azeri Turkish, Qashqai Turkish, Turkmen, etc.
Persian is an Indian and European language family that is common between Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan and is also the official language of Iran and Tajikistan. This language is called Dari Persian in Afghanistan and Tajik in Tajikistan.
The Persian language has indigenous dialects throughout Iran, except for Azerbaijan, Kurdish, and some Zagros regions. The main source of this language is the southwestern region of Iran. The Persian language we speak today is actually Dari, which was common in major cities during the Sassanid era.
Farsi has a variety of dialects including Gilaki, Mazandarani, Lori, Kurdish, Baluchi, Semani, Isfahani, Tati, and Talysh.
Different dialects of the Persian language are:
This dialect is the most common in southeastern Iran and in Sistan and Baluchistan province.
This dialect is common in Gilan and Dilmistan provinces.
Kurdish dialect is similar to Baluchi, Gilaki, and Talashi dialects and is prevalent in Kurdistan province, Ilam, Kermanshah, Hamedan, West Azerbaijan, North Khorasan, Turkey, Iraq, Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan. It has dialects of Kermanshah, Surani, Laki, Kalahari, Gorani, Oramani, and Kermanshahi, the most common of which are Kermani and Sorani.
This dialect is common among the people of Bakhtiari, Mamasani, Boyerahmadi, and Khuzestan and is somewhat similar to the Kurdish language.
It comes from the Pahlavi root and is almost rooted in the Gilaki, Deilmi, and Mazandarani languages. This dialect is very similar to the Avestan and Kurdish languages and is also close to ancient Azeri. Talish language is common in parts of Gilan province, Namin city in Ardebil province, Astara.
Common languages in Iran are:
Turkish is one of the most common languages in most of Southwest Asia in Turkey, Azerbaijan. The common Turkish language in Iran has different dialects including Qashqai Turkish, Turkmen Turkish, Khalji Turkish, Khorasani Turkish, and Shahsoni Turkish.
This dialect, which is very close to Azeri Turkish, is more prevalent among Qashqai people. The main center of this province is Fars. Of course, the Qashqai tribes are scattered throughout Iran and can be found in the towns of Borujen, Saman, Taqanak in Kohgiluyeh, and Boyerahmad Province, Haftkel Khuzestan, parts of Semirom, Shahreza, Dehaghan and Friedan in Esfahan, Dashtestan and Dashti Bushehr.
The Turkmen language is from the Altai languages and from the Turkish language colostrum. It is common among residents of northeast Iran and Golestan province, northern Afghanistan, and Turkmenistan.
The Khalji language is also from the Altai and Turkish language families. This language is taken from the colostrum. The Chaldeans migrated westward from Central Asia and are among the first Turkish tribes to cross the Amodaria and head west. Most of them settled in Ghazan in Afghanistan and in central Iran.
The Arabic language is a family of Sami languages that came into the country with the arrival of Muslim Arabs in Iran and became more common in the southern parts of the country. It is common in all areas of the southern province of Khuzestan, except for Abadan and Shush, inhabitants of other areas of the Arab province. Kish, Bandar Khark and Fars tribe also speak Arabic.
Persian language and constitution
The Iranian constitution specifies the national language through the declaration of Persian as the intermediary language. Used as a mediator language, it is used for official government communication and public school systems. About 53% of the population use Farsi as their mother language.